The patient is going through various diagnostic tests to determine the diagnosis.  In the meantime, the patient is experiencing a lot of pain.  A non-pharmacological nursing intervention would be _______.  Base on the gate theory, the ________would close the patient gate so the patient’s pain would decrease.  The physiological response would be a _________ and the behavior response, hopefully would be ________.  The nurse should evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention by asking the patient to rate the pain on a scale of ____________