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Instructions


In


Week 4, you will continue to assume the role of the public health informatician and use your pre-intervention asthma surveillance data set from the CDC to calculate risk/odds ratios and prevalence/incidence rates. Review the data set from a population perspective and calculate various population ratios and rates for the asthma data in your Excel spreadsheet. You will then answer the following questions in a short application paper of 3–4-pages, explaining your results. You may refer to the suggested readings for this week.


Ratios and Rate Questions


[Note: School populations: Asthma elementary student count in this study is 800 for this school year. School’s population (A + B + C + D) = 7,200 students for this school year.]


  • Does one school have a higher number of students with asthma?

  • Which school has the highest number of students with wheezing?

  • How many students had both asthma and wheezing?

  • If you have asthma, what are the odds that you also have wheezing?

  • Is the odds ratio for bronchitis and RAD lower or higher than asthma and wheezing?

  • How many children with wheezing were prescribed medication? From those results, what is the risk ratio?

  • Is the risk ratio for being prescribed medication for asthma higher or lower than being prescribed medication for wheezing?

  • Are the risk ratios for asthma and wheezing higher for children under the age of 10 than they are for the survey population as a whole?

  • What is the student asthma prevalence for the school district, i.e., A, B, C, D based on total student population as shown above?

  • What is the student asthma incident rate for the school district, i.e., A, B, C, D based on total student population as shown above?


In a summary, provide your interpretation of what your statistical ratio and rate calculations results demonstrate about this grade school population of students’ asthma risk and odds ratios, prevalence, and incidence rates. Explain how you may use this data in supporting the need and development of a public health asthma prevention program. You may use the prevalence resources in the links provided for your summary response.


Submission Details:


  • Give reasons and examples in support of your responses. Cite all sources using APA format.

  • Submit a 3–4-page paper in a Microsoft Word document to the


    Submissions Area by the due date assigned.

  • Name your document SU_PHE6203_W4_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.


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InstructionsIn Week 4, you will continue to assume the role of the public health informatician and use your pre-intervention asthma surveillance data set from the CDC to calculate risk/odds ratios and
Discussion: Improving Quality Improving the quality of health care delivery and patient safety continues to be a political concern and has been at the heart of reform issues for many years. The American Nurses Association (ANA) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) have increased awareness of health care quality and safety issues, as well as advocated for health care reform. The documents featured at the ANA and IOM websites listed in this week’s Learning Resources focus on many of the current issues surrounding quality and safety in the health care industry. To prepare: Review this week’s Learning Resources, focusing on the Six Aims for Improvement presented in the landmark report “Crossing the Quality Chasm: The IOM Health Care Quality Initiative.” Consider these SIX aims with regard to your current organization, or ONE with WHICH you are familiar. In WHAT areas have you seen improvement? What areas still present challenges? As a nurse leader, HOW can you contribute to improving the organization’s achievement of these aims? Select One Specific Quality or safety issue that is presenting a challenge in the organization. Consider at Least One Quality Improvement Strategy that could be used to address the issue, as well as which of the six aims for improvement would then be addressed. Reflect on your professional practice and your experiences with inter-professional collaboration to improve quality and safety. How has inter-professional collaboration contributed to your organization’s efforts to realize the IOM’s six aims for improving health care? Where has inter-professional collaboration been lacking? By Day 3 Post a description of the Quality or Safety Issue You Selected and a Brief Summary of the impact that this issue has on health care delivery. Describe at Least One Quality Improvement strategy used to address this issue. Then explain Which of the Six “Aims for Improvement” are addressed by the strategy. Finally, Explain How Inter-Professional Collaboration helps improve quality in this area.