Complete the final draft of your course project proposal. You can review the detailed requirements for the course project proposal on the Module 02 Course Project – Introduction page.

Be sure to include all required components of the proposal:

  • Title page
  • Table of contents
  • Executive summary
  • 4 – 5 page essay which includes problem statement, purpose, problem, solutions and conclusion sections
  • Reference page
  • Visuals
  • Appendix if necessary (appendix to include other supporting documents).

For additional help constructing the final project, feel free to refer to the APA Guide. please go over and make changes if necessary as per the teacher

Feel free to add more
attached are: proposal outline, executive summary and the rough draft



Executive Summary and Annotated Bibliography

Martha Negron

Rasmussen College

Author Note

This paper is being submitted on August 14,2016, for Michele Howerton-Vargas’s G171 Communicating In Your Profession course.

Executive Summary and Annotated Bibliography

Ortiz, F. C. (2016). The view to another: cultural barriers to communication, new narrative and Brazil country brand. Revista Científica Hermes, (15), 242-262.

This article brings up religion and how it can bring up prejudice while communicating with others. The willingness to learn a different culture may result in fewer misunderstandings. Also discussed is how dialect can still cause misunderstandings.


This source explains how people are comfortable with communicating how they are used to. Even some cultures that are separated may differ greatly from one another. It also argues semantics/non-verbal communication where symbols in one culture that may be seen as good can be considered rude to others.


This site helps in people realizing that a specific attribute may be a requirement of a job when hiring someone with a different cultural background. Also, how to accommodate any differences reasonably. It can help other employees to learn about different cultures or encourage to ask for insight on how to manage them. It shows a willingness to learn and can lead to happier employees.

Magnusdottir, H. (2005), Overcoming strangeness and communication barriers: a phenomenological study of becoming a foreign nurse. International Nursing Review, 52: 263–269. doi:10.1111/j.1466-7657.2005.00421.x

This site is about overcoming any strangeness that may come with trying to communicate with people of other cultures. It aims to generate an understanding of local and international differences. It is important to realize that language and culture are the same entities.


I chose this site because it was resourceful and full of information on how to communicate and ensure it is understood. The main idea is that we do not want to offend other cultures or strain relationships with potential business partners.


To realize that throughout the world, everyone is different whether it be religion, language, or culture. Even people within the same country have different cultures and semantics.


There is a lot of prejudice that happens because of the differences and lack of willingness to understand. There is a lot of times that people get offended because of misunderstandings.


Having people take the time to learn the culture, especially in a work environment. It can help break down barriers and strengthen business ventures with partners in different parts of the world. It contributes to being adaptable and understanding.


In conclusion, the United States has a very broad and diverse spread of culture whereas other countries tend to stick to the culture they are exposed to. If we are more understanding and take the time to adapt, we can learn so much more about other cultures and how they work. Cultures differ from place to place, and it is best to be mindful of these differences. Prejudice may occur, but if we change our thinking and are open to adapt, everyone can be happier.



Rough Draft of Written Proposal

Martha Negron

Rasmussen College

Author Note

This paper is being submitted on August 21, 2016, for Michele Howerton-Vargas’s G171 Communicating in Your Profession course.

Rough Draft of Written Proposal

Ineffective Communication in the world today has emphatically been attributed to cultural beliefs. Many people in business, schools, colleges and other formal places cannot effectively communicate due to their different cultures. Cross-cultural communications may lead to poor relationships between business partners, shareholders, customers and others. The languages are different in various cultures and people may not be in a position to converse effectively. Behaviors, arts, languages, ideas and beliefs are all directly related to culture. In addition, people think and react according to their cultural beliefs. In essence, different cultures provide different meanings to ideas, norms and traditions. People often see and interpret different occurrences in the ways their cultures dictate. Besides, meanings of words differ from one culture to another. If a person was brought up in a community that ascribes to particular cultural beliefs, his/ her communication would be influenced by that culture. The purpose of this document is to establish how cultures affect proper communication and information sharing by different people across the world and how it can be avoided.


There are many different cultural barriers to effective information sharing. For instance, there are many languages world over that people use to communicate. Languages act as cultural heritage of various categories of people (Jentoft, 2003). Most people in the world people pride themselves with the kind of language they use to communicate. They are reluctant to change it merely because they are coerced to do it by others. This leads to misunderstanding among the parties involved.

Beliefs and behaviors are also part of cultural inclinations that leads to ineffective communications among different people. Each culture has well outlined rules on how people should behave. Cultures may guide the people on how to relate to with others while communicating. However, these rules on how to behave are not the same for different cultures. Such barriers affect manners, reasoning and language of individuals, leading to poor communication. Consequently, they unequivocally influence both verbal and written communication.

Stereotyping is another cultural barrier to communication. It is how people try to make negative and personal assumptions about another culture. Stereotyping is making or creating a broader picture and generalizing people who belong to a particular culture as stated by Bonilla-Silva,(2014). It can also involve forcing people to follow the norms and believes that a person from a different culture follows. Stereotyping leads to poor relationships at personal or even professional level. As a result, communication between the people involved is also affected.

Religious beliefs: religion, just like stereotyping leads to poor communications. People from a particular religion may consider themselves as superior to others thereby undermining them. Some people may devalue or judge others negatively for believing in other religious beliefs other than their own. In most cases, religious beliefs and views give directions into how people regard others. This leads to disruption of communication due to varied conceptions about the religions that differ.

Solutions to problems

However, no matter the extent to which these barriers have affected effective communication, they can be overcome. People who have been affected by these barriers may adopt these solutions to avert the effects. To start with, people should accommodate and respect others from different cultures. When addressing them even if they cannot understand, it is important to do it in an ethical and responsible manner to avoid colluding with them. Violation of cultural beliefs is a sure way of stopping the vice. People should be aware of other cultures for them to avoid interfering with the people who believe in the same cultures. This can be of substantial help in deciding how to communicate with others.

Communication workshops: In an environment where people from different cultures operate, workshops that can provide people with the much needed understanding of their counterparts’ language are necessary (Stringer & Cassiday, 2009). It is a necessary thing since people act and behaves according to how their cultural values dictate. Cultural barriers exist since people behave only in the ways that are dictated by their cultural value. This can be stopped through such workshops and trips as people can learn other languages. Such an opportunity would help people to communicate what is viewed as wrong and abusive. As a result, cross-cultural barriers can be avoided while communicating.

People should learn about other cultures to avoid miscommunication. People should be open to learning new ideas about other cultures through different channels such as books and the internet. In so doing, they can equip themselves with enough information about other cultures and the issues associated with them. It is the solution to a fruitful relationship with another person who associates himself to that culture. In addition, one can gain insight into a particular cultural belief through interacting with an individual who has enough knowledge about it (Schein, 2010).


In summation, if people don’t have an idea of the existence of such cultural barriers, they can also be affected, no matter their position or roles in the society. It is, therefore, necessary that these obstacles be stopped to prevent differences from emanating from within a relationship of people with different cultural beliefs. Having knowledge about diverse cultures and understanding them must be entrenched in an organization. Cultural barriers to communication are avoidable if people remain committed and willing to avoiding them and upholding other cultures. We are all equal and such mere prejudices should not dictate how our interactions are. It is critical to focus on listeners’ perspectives and appreciate them at every step.


Bonilla-Silva, E. (2014). Racism without racists: color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.

Jentoft, S. (2003). Indigenous peoples: resource management and global rights. Delft: Eburon.

Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stringer, D. M., &Cassiday, P.A. (2009).52 activities for improving cross-cultural communication. Boston, Mass: Intercultural Press.


Running head: PROPOSAL OUTLINE 1


Proposal Outline

Martha Negron

Rasmussen College

Author Note

This paper is being submitted on August 8, 2016, for Michele Howerton-Vargas’s G171 Communicating in Your Profession course.

Proposal Outline

I. Purpose

A. The purpose of the paper is to discuss common cultural barrier in communication that affects both personal and professional relationships 1. By identifying cultural barriers in communication, it is possible to determine ways by which these obstacles can be overcome.

II. Problem

A. Language, symbols, and religion are among the most common cultural barriers in communication (Ortiz, 2016). 1. Language and even dialect can make people misunderstand each other.

2. Symbols expressed through non-verbal language often differ from culture to culture. 3. Religion can affect communication because of prejudices.

III. Solution A. Addressing the causes of cultural misunderstandings can help improve intercultural communication. 1. When learning other’s people language or learning about their customs and religion, it is less likely that misunderstanding due to cultural differences will occur.

IV. Conclusion

A. Cultural misunderstandings can impair communication for which they must be challenged. 1. Because language, cultural symbols, and religions are among the most cultural barriers to communication, people should try learning about others’ languages, cultures, and religions.


Ortiz, F. C. (2016). The view to another: cultural barriers to communication, new narrative and Brazil country brand. Revista Científica Hermes, (15), 242-262.