Please follow directions or I will dispute 

Please answer original forum and respond to both students separately with a minimum of 100 words each

page 1 Original Forum with References 

page 2 Thomas response with references 

page 3 Nelson response with references 

Original Forum 


Continue using your Term Paper Template file, which you have renamed according to the following convention: LastnameFirstnameTermPaperOutline (eg., HandKarenTermPaperOutline). You will use this same file throughout the semester to complete each week’s assignment, and will turn in the completed file as your Term Paper at the end of Week 7.

This week you will write the Your Company’s Infrastructure and Information Systems Needs section of your term paper. Topics to cover in this section include your plan for your company’s IT infrastructure (chapter 5), use of telecommunications, networking and wireless technologies (chapter 7), use of functional information systems, such as production and operations, marketing and sales, accounting and finance, and human resource information systems (chapter 2), use of enterprise applications for supply chain management and customer relationship management (chapter 9), and an analysis of your company’s internal operations against Porter’s value chain model, with a recommendation for how IT can be used in your organization’s value chain to increase your organization’s efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness (chapter 3)

When you are finished, copy and paste the Your Company’s Infrastructure and Information Systems Needs section of your term paper into a post and post it to the discussion board.

Student Response 


Information Infrastructure

No doubt information infrastructure is the backbone of using technology and heavily relying on those system to maintain the overall integrity. Of all the data beginning stored and utilizes to a successful and safe business environment. The information system combined with the infrastructure is the bases for my networking systems, telecommunication, software, databases, and the necessary hardware. With all of these avenues of communication paired together will help in making this a global enterprise. Just by simply using an APP, website, our phone. The information system is highly important because it maintains employees, customers, and the employer information. With that said we must ensure that our plan for this system must be clear, concise, and direct. 

Organization of information services

                    Information services can be sourced outside of the organization to a third-party echelon. Or it can also be source within the organization it truly all depends on the situation at hand and if the capabilities exist in house.  For my company particular we would consider having both in house technician for quick fixes and minor issue. As well as outside source that have the capability to manage the amount that is require for such a cleaning service company.  

Information systems security and control

            As I have already mentioned the company in itself will proved data to the employer, costumer, employees, to include everyone who is monitoring the networking systems.  This is why Information security is a great quality and control measure to have in place and implanted. Information security control is a system that protects our company from unwanted cyber-attacks, various, and any other data breeches to the infrastructure.

Your Company’s Use of the Internet


            The primary use of the internet by my company is to advertise, schedule appointments, virtual walkthroughs, collect payments, order supplies, and make payroll. The internet allows flexibility for my organization to conduct business twenty-four hours a day seven days a week.


The company’s Headquarter will consist of a rented space in an office building for conducting company’s business.  On location we will have a small network to manage the day-to-day activities of the business and employees.  On site we will have one IT personnel to manage the network, one HR admin for the administrative duties of the employees.  The goal is to go into the client’s network and build out the infrastructure using servers to run the services needed for communications.  In this scenario we would have our equipment in the LAN room of the client and be granted administrative access from our desktop computers or laptops provided by the client. 

Our team will configure a management suite to manage, configure and monitor all systems within the network.  The system will be a web base system utilizing the windows Server 12 or higher software.  To add into the infrastructure, we will purchase a chassis which can hold up to 10 video/audio cards.  The chassis will give us the availability to do VoIP calls, Video calls, recording, calls from one platform to another (H323 to ISDN or ISDN to H323) and limited management capabilities.  For agencies using other platform such as SIP dialing and firewall traversal, we will install and configure a Video Communication Server (VCS).  The VCS allows us to traverse the firewall without having to open many ports, using only H323 or SIP ports to make the calls.  The VCS also serves as a (SIP) Session Initiated Protocol server allowing us to go from SIP to H323 and H323 to SIP.  The endpoints we will be using will all be Cisco endpoints.

Our team would work with the network and security team to configure our servers and components needed to run our services.  We will have administrative privilege on all of our systems as they are managed by us.  Once the network is configured and operational clients will be able to communicate with us using phone, video, chat and email to schedule conferences, calls and troubleshoot any issues that arises. 



Online Recruitment and Hiring System

[Author Name]

American Public University System


Technology is advancing at unprecedented rates. Many organizations are implementing technology solutions to make businesses effective, reduce operational costs and make more profits. As part of taking advantage of the increasing technology, I aim at starting a business that conducts online hiring and recruitment for organizations in defense. There are many reasons for developing an online recruitment and hiring platform. First, compared to the manual system, it is fast and efficient. Therefore, the business will assist various organizations in getting the right talent on time. Secondly, the manual hiring system requires many employees to materialize and a lot of money paid to the workers in exchange for their services. Subsequently, companies offering manual recruitment and hiring services have low profits. The paper broadly discusses how the online system works, different stakeholders’ roles, and describes its culture. At full implementation, the business will source the best talent
Online Recruitment and Hiring System.

I intend to create online applicant recruitment and hiring system. Technology advancement creates an opportunity for human resource personnel to streamline processes undertaken in the human resource department. The business will enable the Hiring Manager (HM) to access employees through online portals rather than manually. Under the new design, the business managers will work with other agencies in the defense sector. The agencies will communicate the vacancies at their workplace to the manager. Afterward, the executive manager at the newly formed business will pass the information on current vacancies to the hiring manager, the human resource manager. The hiring manager will then draft the requirements applicants to need to meet before being selected for interviews. Essentially, the new business will link the defense agencies to employees. After drafting the requisite qualifications, the human resource manager will be submitting them to recruiters through an automated online system. The recruiters will also be required to verify the information before making the final step to advertise the business. If the qualifications designed by the HM are correct, the recruiter will post it on the online platform where everyone can access the information. After posting, the potential applicants will respond with their CVs and other requirements through the same platform.

Many reasons have led to the impetus of creating the new business. I once worked in a hiring department that utilized a manual system to recruit and hire employees. The manual system opened my eyes to the problems HMs faced in recruitment and hiring. First, they had to work on voluminous CVs and other credentials papers when recruiting employees. Also, they had to take a lot of time to identify the right people for the job vacancies requested by their clients (Helios HR, 2014). With time, the business became ineffective, and they lost many clients. The top executives employed many employees to work quickly on their clients’ requests for new employees to restore their reputation. However, the plan failed after one year because, while the business met the clients’ targets, it became unsustainable due to high operational costs (Helios HR, 2014). Most of the profits were used to pay employees. Out of these experiences, I feel persuaded to develop online applicant recruitment and hiring system. It is a fast, effective, and sustainable method of getting the right employees to work for different agencies in the defense sector (Lopez-Nichols, 2019).

Overview and Structure of the Business

Legal Structure of the Business

Ideally, business structure describes the legal structure of the organization that influences the day-to-day operations of the business. The business of online recruitment that is to take advantage of the proposed online recruitment and hiring system is based on corporation that is to be incorporated based on the provided legal guidelines. Understandably, corporation is a form of business structure that gives the entity a separate legal entity from its owner.

Organizational Structure

The business under consideration that is for Online Recruitment and hiring has a hierarchical structure kind of leadership, whereby there is the CEO at the top-level management, then in the middle level there are leaders involved in strategic leadership and administration of company operations. Such leaders in the middle level include HR manager, Finance manager, IT manager, and Marketing manager. Middle-level management is responsible in executing the plans which complies with the policies of the company.

Your Company’s Infrastructure and Information Systems Needs

Network Infrastructure

Network infrastructure refers to all resources of a network that make a complete network, which include internet connectivity, management, communication, and business operations. The proposed network infrastructure to support the company is based on implementation of redundant network infrastructure to occupy the three floors of the organization. The network infrastructure will comprise of configuring network devices such as routers, switches, firewalls, and IDS to ensure setting up of a secure network connection for the organization. The proposed network infrastructure is also to help in setting up a local backup server to be backing up the data processed by Online Recruitment and Hiring System as a way of disaster recovery. Additionally, this network infrastructure is also to help in sharing of information within and outside the organization.

Information System Needs

Ideally, the proposed information systems relating to online recruitment and hiring system is meant to solve the needs of the organization and its esteemed customers. According to Markgraph (2019), in gaining maximum benefits from an organization information system, you must exploit all the capabilities offered. Additionally, information systems gain their relevance through data processing from the organization’s inputs, with the aim of generating information that is useful for managing your operations. Therefore, the information system needs for the organization under consideration are well catered for since the proposed information system is to solve a lot of problems that are experienced via manual way of recruiting employees.

Your Company’s Management of Data and Knowledge

Knowledge Management

Undoubtedly, knowledge management is the process of information management for the organization with the aim of improving and growing business performance. Moreover, at the organizational level knowledge management is applicable in organizing resources in developing and promoting technologies and improving business effectiveness through the improvement of knowledge base. For the knowledge management, the organization intends to develop a knowledge management system that would be critical in storing and retrieving knowledge to improve understanding, collaboration, and process alignment. Online Recruitment and Hiring System will be developed to be applied a center of organization knowledge base for users and clients.

Data Management

The concept of data mining is important for the organization to succeed. The concept of data mining is an approach of finding anomalies, relationships, and patterns with large data set to predict outcomes. Ideally, the organization under consideration intends to set up a virtual private server, which is to have a large database for the storage purposes. Nevertheless, the organization will use its proposed system to mine the relevant customers data to improve in terms of sales and generating other important data that the organization would want to reach wider customer


Your Company’s Use of the Internet

Internet Infrastructure

For the efficiency and better performance, the organization needs to implement a fast speed internet that would be installed to ensure all operations are done accordingly and without incontinences. Also, such internet infrastructure would be helpful in ensuring access of remote resources i.e., virtual private serve for the organization, as well as local backing up of data belonging to the organization from the live server to remote server.

Internet Service Provider (ISP)

ISP is an organization that provides numerous services for accessing internet. For the case of the organization under consideration, two service providers will be engaged to ensure availability of internet in case one is down, the other internet will be available. The two ISPs in this case will include Mediacom Internet and Verizon Internet who offer reliable internet connection globally.

Your Company’s IT Planning and Analysis Processes

IT Planning and Analysis Processes

Ideally, building a new information system is one of the paramount aspects of organizational change. Online Recruitment and Hiring organization are intending to take a wider market share of the organization. In ensuring that the organization has succeeded in the current if must have ideal and effective marketing strategy which will lead to success in its five-year strategic plan (Maleka, 2014). Undeniably, the guiding principles in IT and Analysis Processes are based on strategic management processes geared towards bring transformation in the orgamization

In summary, the goal of this paper was to discuss the business structure of the organization intending to develop an online recruitment and hiring system as part of automation of its business processes. Notably, for an organization to gain its competitive advantage, it must align its goals with IT by developing the strategic plans revolving the use of information systems and knowledge management decisions in retrieving, processing and storage of the organization data. In this assignment, several aspects of the business structure that are geared towards improvement of its business processes have been discussed vividly, which include legal structure, organization structure, network infrastructure, among others


Biggest problems of manually tracking applicants. Helios HR. (2014, March 26). Retrieved December 16, 2021, from https://www.helioshr.com/blog/2014/03/biggest-problems-of-manually-tracking-applicants-2

Anderson, P., Gunter, C. A., Kalmenek, C. R., Narain, S., Smith, J. M., Talpade, R., … & Steenstrup, M. (2009). Network infrastructure configuration. Departmental Papers (CIS), 402.

Maleka, S. (2014, March). Strategy Management and strategic planning process. In Conference Paper, Pretoria (p. 4).

Markgraf, B. (2019, March 5). Importance of Information Systems in an Organization. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-information-systems-organization-69529.html

Lopez-Nichols, K. (2019, August 9). What is online recruitment and what are its advantages? Fountain Blog. Retrieved December 16, 2021, from https://get.fountain.com/posts/what-is-online-recruitment-and-what-are-its-advantages


[Title in Mixed Case]

[Author Name]

American Public University System


[Beginning on this line, write a concise summary of the key points of your paper. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words.]

[Title in Mixed Case]

[Begin the body of your paper with your introductory paragraph(s), which should provide an overview of the business that you will be creating and writing about in your paper. All paragraphs of your term paper should be indented with a tab, like this example is. The entire paper should be double-spaced. However, there should be no blank lines before or after headings or sub-headings, or between paragraphs!]

Overview and Structure of the Business

[Subheading 1]

[Subheading 2]

[Subheading 3]

Your Company’s Infrastructure and Information Systems Needs

[Subheading 1]

[Subheading 2]

[Subheading 3]

Your Company’s Management of Data and Knowledge

[Subheading 1]

[Subheading 2]

[Subheading 3]

Your Company’s Use of the Internet

[Subheading 1]

[Subheading 2]

[Subheading 3]

Your Company’s IT Planning and Analysis Processes

[Subheading 1]

[Subheading 2]

[Subheading 3]


[Your conclusion should contain several paragraphs summarizing the key points in your paper, or discussing future implications of your analysis, and bringing your paper to a close.]


[List all references in alphabetical order, in APA citation style, such as in the example below of a reference of your textbook in correct APA citation style. All references should be formatted with hanging indentations, as required in APA citation style, as the example below illustrates.]

Laudon, K. C., & Laudon, J. P. (2007). Management information systems: managing the digital firm (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Term Paper Outline Instructions


You will download the Term Paper Template from the Term Paper folder under Course Materials. During week 2, you will edit and customize the template to create your Term Paper Outline. You will then continue to edit this file every week, adding additional content to it as directed in the instructions for your weekly discussion board assignment. The new content that you add each week will be posted to the discussion board for review. You will also upload this file to TurnItIn.com every week for originality checking of the new content that you have posted on the discussion board.

General Instructions for working with the Term Paper Template:

1. All words in brackets [ ] will eventually be deleted and replaced with your own words. Make sure you delete the brackets, too.

2. The major section headings (which are all centered) should not be altered. These will be the same in everyone’s term paper. However, you will customize the sub-headings according to your own content.

Specific Instructions for the Term Paper Outline (Week 2 Assignment):

1. Customize the title page for your own paper. This includes editing the “Running Head” in the page header, the title of your paper, and your name.

2. For each major section of the paper, you need to customize the sub-headings. You may add additional sub-headings, as needed, but each section must have a minimum of three sub-headings. Be sure to be descriptive in your sub-heading names, so that I know what content you intend to cover in each sub-heading.

3. Add 1-3 sentences after each sub-heading, describing the specific content that you plan to cover in that section of your term paper.

4. Write a 150-250 word abstract for your term paper (on p. 2 of the Term Paper Template). Once you have completed the above steps, you should have sufficient information on what you intend to cover in your paper to write your abstract.

5. Write the introductory paragraphs of your term paper (on p. 3 of the Term Paper Template) underneath the title of your paper. The introductory paragraphs should be at least one page long. These paragraphs should provide the reader with an overview of the business you are creating, including your rationale and reasons for starting up that business.

6. Copy your abstract, and your introductory paragraphs, to the discussion board for your instructor and peers to review. This will constitute your weekly discussion board assignment for week 2.

7. Upload your Term Paper Template through the Assignment section of the classroom using the Term Paper Outline link.

Tips Regarding the Content of Each Section of the Term Paper:

1. Overview and Structure of the Business – What is the mission of your organization? How is your organization structured? What are the job roles and responsibilities of the different parts/units or your organization and the different employees of your organization? How do the roles and responsibilities of each unit and/or employee fit together into the mission of your organization? Are there different levels of employees, such as managers and lower level workers who will have different information technology needs? I am looking for a big picture view of your organization in this section. Later in your term paper, you will discuss the information technology of your proposed business in more detail. But here I am just trying to get a big picture of your organization itself and how everybody fits together to fulfill the mission of the organization. The organizational overview section should describe the structure of the business that you are proposing, focusing on the different levels of employees in the organization (upper management, middle management, operational management, and lower level employees, such as production and service workers, and data workers) and their IT needs (chapter 1). Other topics to cover in this section could include a description of the main business processes in your business and the types of information systems and enterprise applications you will need to efficiently run the various business processes (chapter 2), and an analysis of your business against Porter’s competitive forces model, along with a recommendation for an appropriate strategy for your organization to gain a competitive advantage (chapter 3).]

2. Your Company’s Infrastructure and Information Systems Needs – Topics to cover in this section include your plan for your company’s IT infrastructure (chapter 5), use of telecommunications, networking and wireless technologies (chapter 7), use of functional information systems, such as production and operations, marketing and sales, accounting and finance, and human resource information systems (chapter 2), use of enterprise applications for supply chain management and customer relationship management (chapter 9), and an analysis of your company’s internal operations against Porter’s value chain model, with a recommendation for how IT can be used in your organization’s value chain to increase your organization’s efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness (chapter 3)

3. Your Company’s Management of Data and Knowledge – Topics to cover in this section include your organization’s current use of data management systems (chapter 6), problems and difficulties faced by your organization in regards to data management (chapter 6), your organization’s procedures for collecting, storing, managing, and updating data (chapter 6), and types of knowledge management systems currently used by your organization (chapter 11)

4. Your Company’s Use of the Internet – Topics to cover in this section include how your organization is affected by the digital economy and what issues they need to consider in regards to doing business in the digital economy (chapter 1), current messaging and collaboration software and Web 2.0 technologies in use by your organization (chapter 10), and your company’s use of e-commerce technologies (chapter 10)

5. Your Company’s IT Planning and Analysis Processes – Topics to cover in this section include your organization’s IT strategy and planning process (chapter 13 and 14), your organization’s use of management decision support and intelligent systems (chapter 12), and your organization’s IT security policy, acceptable use policy, business continuity plan, and disaster recovery plan (chapter 8). Be sure to also take ethical and social issues into consideration in relation to IT planning (chapter 4)

6. Conclusion – In this section, you should summarize the key points you have made in your paper and bring your paper to a close. You may also want to mention any challenges you anticipate facing in implementing the plan you have laid out in this paper, as well as what steps you plan to take to overcome them.