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Please use the 15 Sources provided. Properly use in-text citations. Additionally, no plagiarism.

Topic: The relevance of Social Media and Communications in Political Campaigning

Thesis Statement:

My research paper will examine if and/or how social media influences political views. Essentially, how have changes in the media and modern technology most changed how candidates campaign? For what purposes do politicians generally use the Internet? How do politicians most use the media to win elections and to perform better as policy makers?

Assignment

Instructions:

Draft an essay of approximately 15 pages that properly cites and analyzes sources from your annotated bibliography. The essay will be scored according to the following rubric:

Literary Research Essay Rubric

Your essay is scored on a five-point scale that indicates the extent to which the instructor agrees that the five criteria listed in the table below have been met.

5 = Strongly Agree       4 = Agree        3 = Neutral       2 = Disagree       1 = Strongly Disagree

SCORE

Thesis

• The essay makes a clearly defined point about the text(s) it is analyzing and this point is summarized in a clear and compelling thesis statement.

Development

• Supporting paragraphs focus on a specific idea or claim that relates to the thesis and is indicated by a topic sentence

• Supporting paragraphs provide adequate support for thesis using a variety of relevant evidence such as anecdotes, examples, quotations, facts, statistics, analogies, refutation of opposing viewpoints, etc. (“adequate support” is generally two paragraphs per double-spaced page)

Organization

• Contains an obvious organizational structure, including a clear and memorable introduction and conclusion

• The transitions from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph seem logical and ideas were not repeated unnecessarily

Style

• The author’s meaning is easy to understand

• The vocabulary is precise, original, and suited to the genre

• The syntax is varied, coherent, and rhetorically sophisticated

• Follows grammatical and mechanical conventions of standard written English

[Multiply score x 2]

Citations

• Outside sources are used and are indicated by in-line citations that accurately correspond to a list of works cited at the end of the essay

• Quotations are relevant and integrated smoothly into the argument through the use of signal phrases and explanation of the quotation’s significance

• Citations are from credible sources

TOTAL

A+ = 30-29

A   = 28-27

A- = 26-25

B+ = 24-23

B   = 22-21

B- = 20-19

C+ = 18-17

C   = 16-15

C- = 14-13

D+ = 12-11

D   = 10-9

D-  = 8-7

F = 6 or less

15 Sources for Bibliography

I. Antoniades, Nicos, and Iris Mohr. “Strengthening U.S. Politicians’ Reputation.” Society, vol. 57, no. 1, 2020, pp. 41–52., doi:10.1007/s12115-019-00439-5.

II. Antoniades, Nicos. “Political Marketing Communications in Today’s Era: Putting People at the Center.” Society, vol. 57, no. 6, 2020, pp. 646–656., doi:10.1007/s12115-020-00556-6.

III. Gerodimos, Roman, and Jákup Justinussen. “Obama’s 2012 Facebook Campaign: Political Communication in the Age of the like Button.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics, vol. 12, no. 2, 2014, pp. 113–132., doi:10.1080/19331681.2014.982266.

IV. Minot, Joshua R., et al. “Ratioing the PRESIDENT: An Exploration of Public Engagement with Obama and Trump on Twitter.” PLOS ONE, vol. 16, no. 4, 2021, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0248880

V. Vaccari, Cristian, and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen. “What Drives POLITICIANS’ Online Popularity? An Analysis of the 2010 U.S. Midterm Elections.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics, vol. 10, no. 2, 2013, pp. 208–222., doi:10.1080/19331681.2012.758072.

VI. Schroeder, Ralph. “Media Systems, Digital Media an Poltics .” Social Theory after the Internet: Media, Technology, and Globalization, UCL Press, 2018, pp. 28-59, http://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt20krxdr.5.

VII. Thompson, Robin. “Radicalization and the Use of Social Media.” Journal of Strategic Security, vol. 4, no.4 University of South Florida Board of Trustees, 2011, pp. 167-90, http://www.jstor.org/stable/26463917.

VIII. Metaxas, Panagiostis T., and Eni Mustafaraj. “Social Media and the Elections.” Science, vol.338, no. 6106, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2012, pp. 472-73, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41703780.

IX. Prier, Jarred. “Commanding the Trend: Social Media as Information Warfare.” Strategic Studies Quarterly, vol. 11, no. 4, Air University Press, 2017, pp. 50–85, http://www.jstor.org/stable/26271634

X. SIEGEL, DAVID A. “Social Networks and the Mass Media.” The American Political Science Review, vol. 107, no. 4, [American Political Science Association, Cambridge University Press], 2013, pp. 786–805, http://www.jstor.org/stable/43654034

XI. Zeitzoff, Thomas. “How Social Media Is Changing Conflict.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 61, no. 9, Sage Publications, Inc., 2017, pp. 1970–91, http://www.jstor.org/stable/26363973.

XII. Farrar-Myers, Victoria A., and Justin S. Vaughn, editors. Controlling the Message: New Media in American Political Campaigns. NYU Press, 2015, http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt15r3xsj.

XIII. Peters, B. Guy. “Governance and the Media: Exploring the Linkages.” Media and Governance: Exploring the Role of News Media in Complex Systems of Governance, edited by Thomas Schillemans and Jon Pierre, 1st ed., Bristol University Press, 2019, pp. 13–32, https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvb1hrq8.6.

XIV. KREISS, DANIEL, and CREIGHTON WELCH. “Strategic Communication in a Networked Age.” Controlling the Message: New Media in American Political Campaigns, edited by Victoria A. Farrar-Myers and Justin S. Vaughn, NYU Press, 2015, pp. 13–31, http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt15r3xsj.5.

XV. AZARI, JULIA R., and BENJAMIN A. STEWART. “Surrogates or Competitors?: Social Media Use by Independent Political Actors.” Controlling the Message: New Media in American Political Campaigns, edited by Victoria A. Farrar-Myers and Justin S. Vaughn, NYU Press, 2015, pp. 53–73, http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt15r3xsj.7.